Levi Reeves - March 3, 2023

Woven Geotextile Fabric – What you Need to Know

Woven geotextile fabric is an invaluable tool for civil engineering and construction. This dependable material has been carefully crafted by weaving synthetic fibers together, providing a strong yet flexible solution to many project demands.

By employing woven geotextiles during construction projects, engineers are able to help control and stabilize the environment for a successful outcome. These fabrics provide a separation layer between different materials such as soil or rocks, preventing erosion while simultaneously blocking unwanted debris from entering through their filtration system.

Woven fabrics offer a distinct advantage when seeking toughness and endurance. Their tightly-woven fibers make them resistant to puncturing or tearing, making them the go-to choice for applications facing heavy loads or regular wear and tear.

Woven fabric is often employed to provide firm footing for vehicular traffic, be it in driveways or roadways. By being placed beneath a layer of gravel and other aggregate material, this geotextile fabric can help stabilize the surface underneath and increase its longevity by evenly distributing heavy loads. Not only does this prevent potential damage due to sinking or settling but also helps save on maintenance costs over time.

From reinforcing retaining walls to fighting erosion along shorelines, woven fabrics are a great solution for soil reinforcement needs. Its strength and durability make it an optimal choice for a numerous applications.

A hand touching woven geotextile fabric

Quick Summary

What is it?
Woven geotextile fabric woven synthetic material used for soil stabilization, landscaping, gravel driveways and more.

Why use it
Can provide separation, stabilization, and drainage for a number of applications.

Where is it used?

Woven fabrics are often used as a layer in road pavement projects, gravel driveways, retaining walls, nursery ground cover and other applications.

Strength and Versatility of Woven Geotextiles

Woven geotextiles are fabricated from strong, resilient synthetic materials such as polyester, polypropylene, and nylon for dependable strength in numerous environments. These fabrics also often offer protection against UV to help promote reliability over time.

Woven geotextile fabrics are strong, and are able to resist wear and tear caused by tearing or puncturing. Their unique construction involves weaving individual fibers together in a crisscross pattern that securely binds them for optimal strength and resilience.

The specific weave pattern used can also affect the strength of woven geo fabrics. For example, fabrics with a plain weave pattern have a simple over-under weave that creates a uniform fabric with a balanced strength. Fabrics with a twill weave pattern, on the other hand, have a more complex weave that creates a diagonal pattern, resulting in a fabric that is even stronger than plain weave fabrics.

Fabric strength goes beyond type and weave - its thickness matters too. A more substantial fabric has a larger resistance to damage and can stand the test of time with greater durability than thinner materials.

What are Slit Film and Monofilament Woven Geotextiles?

Slit Film Woven Fabrics

Constructed from resilient slit-film yarns of polypropylene or polyester, geotextile fabrics are often known for their strength and durability. Crafted via a weaving process that interlocks the fibers into an intricate pattern, these materials prove invaluable in various industrial applications requiring high wear resistance.

Slit film woven geotextile fabrics have an extensive portfolio of uses in civil engineering and environmental projects, ranging from road construction to erosion control. With its impressive strength, permeability for water or air passage, resilience to harsh UV radiation damage and chemical/biological degradation – these fabrics make the perfect partner for long-term endeavors that require a high level of durability.

Fabric Installation at large jobsite

Woven Fabric Installation

Woven Geo at jobsite

Woven Geo Fabric Install

Woven Geotextile Fabric Applications

Soil Stabilization

Woven fabric can be a powerful asset in mitigating soil erosion, providing an extra layer of support for roads, highways and parking lots. Its stabilizing properties help to reduce rutting and prevent the washing away of soils beneath these important transportation surfaces.

Drainage Systems

Woven fabrics form a permeable network of openings to allow water through while keeping soil particles at bay. This filter-like capability helps maintain the integrity and effectiveness of drainage systems without clogging, as well as reducing soil compaction or subsidence caused by excess weight above it.


Landscapers utilize woven geotextile fabric in a variety of ways to add extra stability and enhance the functionality of their projects. It can be employed as a weed-inhibiting barrier or even installed beneath mulch, both aiding with moisture retention for gardens and retaining walls alike.

Environmental Protection

Woven geo fabric provides a good resource for environmental protection. By being deployed along shorelines, riverbanks and other vulnerable areas, it works to shield these delicate ecosystems from soil erosion that can lead to sediment runoff and waterway pollution.

Road Construction

Woven geotextiles are commonly used in road construction projects to help reinforce the road base, prevent soil erosion, and increase the lifespan of the road. It can be installed under the asphalt or concrete to provide additional support and prevent cracking or potholes from forming. They are often used as a driveway fabric on long gravel driveways as well.

Pot Holes on Road

Road with Pothole Issues

Driveway Underlayment Fabric

Looking for a heavy duty fabric for placement underneath gravel driveway? Providing 350 lbs of tensile strength our professional-grade driveway fabric is reinforced and provides a dependable separation layer between the gravel and the earth below. The fabric is also permeable, allowing water to drain through. 

View Fabric
Woven Fabric Weave

Up Close View of Woven Geotextile

Woven vs Nonwoven Geotextile Fabric

Geotextile fabrics form the foundations of civil engineering and construction projects, yet their two main types - woven and nonwoven – can be quite distinct. Both offer unique benefits to ensure every project meets its structural requirements while being similar in fundamental ways.


Woven and nonwoven geotextile fabrics are resilient engineering materials that serve a variety of purposes. They provide invaluable filtration, soil separation, and reinforcement properties for projects requiring the use of synthetic polymers such as polypropylene or polyester. Moreover, they typically offer enhanced protection from environmental factors like UV radiation and chemicals to ensure reliable performance over time.


Woven fabric is a robust and resilient material, crafted through synthetic fibers woven together in an interlacing pattern that forms a strong grid-like structure. Very durable with high tensile strength and impressive puncture resistance, woven fabrics have become quite useful for the reinforcement of infrastructure projects like roads or retaining walls.

Nonwoven geotextile fabric is made by combining synthetic fibers in a unique way: rather than being woven together like traditional fabrics, the individual strands are randomly arranged and bonded with heat or chemicals giving them a felt like look and feel. This process makes nonwovens more lightweight and malleable compared to other materials - excellent for filtration systems such as drainage solutions or soil separation projects that aim to abate erosion.

Civil engineering and construction require optimized material solutions, which is why woven and nonwoven geotextile fabrics exist. Both possess unique features - while woven fabric boasts superior strength and durability, its counterpart offers increased flexibility and permeability. Projects that call for either of these materials must carefully consider the tradeoffs to determine what will best suit their needs.

How is the Strength and Durability of Woven Geotextile Fabric Measured?

Woven fabrics have a range of unique qualities that make them resistant to wear and tear. To ensure the highest levels of strength and durability, these materials are tested for their tensile strength as well as their resistance against punctures or abrasions. These measures help to ensure that woven fabric can hold up under varying conditions.

Tensile Strength

This test gauges a fabric's tensile strength—its resistance to tearing or stretching. The force exerted in opposite directions reveals the material's durability, with stronger results indicating greater protection from damage and wear over time.

Puncture Resistance

This test gauges a fabric's resilience to sharp objects, determining just how much force is necessary for piercing. Resistance can vary greatly with the toughness of the material and weight it must support - this evaluation helps identify fabrics that offer reliable protection against potential damage or harm.

Ground Cover Fabric

Nursery Fabric

Nursery Fabric Installation

Installing Ground Cover Fabric

Abrasion Resistance

To assess fabric longevity, this test measures a material's ability to endure friction-based wear and tear. Results indicate how resistant the cloth will be over time - with higher abrasion resistance assuring more durable fabrics that stand up longer in tough environments.

The strength and durability of woven geotextiles can be greatly impacted by the type of fibers used in production, as well as their weaving pattern and a fabric's thickness. Synthetic fabrics like polyester or polypropylene are more resilient than natural fibers such cotton or wool, while tighter weaves paired with thicker overall materials will generally have superior sturdiness to those crafted loosely with thinner material.

What Factors Should be Considered When Selecting a Woven Geotextile Fabric?

Achieving success with any project involving woven fabric requires careful consideration of a variety of factors. These include the weave structure, yarn type and construction methods among other things - all critical pieces to ensure a quality result.

Strength and Durability Requirements

Fabric strength and durability must be carefully considered to ensure a project's success. The appropriate fabric depends on the weight of any anticipated loads, as well as various soil conditions encountered in its environment – all factors that will determine ultimate reliability.


Selecting a fabric with the correct permeability is essential for any application. For instance, fabrics used in drainage systems require an optimal ability to allow water through quickly and effortlessly, while those utilized for erosion control necessitate less permittivity, so soil isn't washed away.

Rolled out Geo Fabric

Woven Geo Being Installed

Chemical Compatibility

To ensure optimal protection, the fabric needs to resistant to the elements found in soil or water at that particular jobsite.

Road Fabric at Jobsite

Using Road Fabric at Site

UV Resistance

Exposing fabric to sunlight can reduce its strength, longevity and aesthetic if not treated with a UV resistant finish. This proactive measure will prevent degradation caused by extreme daylight conditions for maximum durability over the lifetime of your product.


When selecting fabric for a project, cost should factor into the equation as carefully chosen material will ensure greater strength and durability.

Installing Woven Geotextile Fabrics

It is important to assess the best method of installation for your specific job and fabric chosen. For example, some fabrics may be more effective with trenching or overlay approaches than others.

A thoughtful selection of woven fabric is critical for any project to ensure its success. In order secure the perfect fit, a geotechnical engineer or other qualified professional should be consulted in light of structural requirements, environmental pressures and installation techniques.

Large Roll of Geo fabric rollout

Jobsite Using Large Geo Fabric Roll

  • Preparation of the site is an essential part of successful geotextile installation. Clear any potentially damaging debris, rocks or vegetation from the location and grade with precision for best results - ensuring that nothing interrupts your project's progress.
  • For the most effective stabilization, it's important that the geotextile is carefully arranged on a clean and level subgrade. It should be spread evenly with no creases or bunches for ideal results.
  • Securing the geotextile is an essential step for successful construction. To ensure quality results, it should be held securely in place at edges with stakes, sandbags or other tools to prevent shifting during backfilling and construction activities.
  • Overlap and secure any adjacent rolls of fabric with an overlap of at least 10-12 inches.
  • To ensure a durable lifespan, it is essential to shield the geotextile from harmful obstacles like construction activities, hazardous UV radiation and sharp objects or heavy machinery.
  • Properly backfill and/or cover the fabric with appropriate materials such as dirt or gravel.
Weed Cover used for Ag

Commercial Weed Barrier

Woven Geotextile Fabric Lifespan

Woven fabrics provide long-term durability and protection in a variety of conditions, typically lasting at least 10 years and often lasting much longer. Quality materials and effective application determine the lifespan of these reliable textiles - ensuring superior performance for years to come.

Woven geotextile fabrics have a wide range of applications, but their performance depends on many factors which determine how long they'll last such as the following:


The fabric of a woven geotextile plays an integral role in its lifespan. Quality materials that boast superior tensile strength and puncture resistance will ensure careful deployment, durable use, and continuous longevity.


Good permeability is key to maximizing the lifespan of geotextile fabric. By allowing water through, but not soil particles, it prevents erosion and keeps this material in top condition for longer .

UV Resistance

Woven fabrics can be vulnerable to the elements. To ensure longevity, it's important to choose materials with superior UV resistance that are built-to last even when exposed to extreme sunlight over time.

Chemical Resistance

A woven fabric needs to be defended from degradation and decay over its lifetime. Utilizing a strong, long-lasting material is the key for keeping your fabric in perfect condition and preventing it from succumbing to chemical deterioration.


When it comes to longevity, the quality of your geotextile fabric is key. Look for fabrics that can stand up against whatever you put them through – from installation to daily use - without tear or puncture. Opting for a well-crafted material helps to ensure a longer life and peace of mind!